Tiji festival celebrated by people of Lo Manthang. Lo Manthang is is also known as Upper Mustang and this place lies in Annapurna region.
The festival we know as Tiji is actually pronounced ‘Ten Che’ which means hope. This festival is an ancient rituals which began from the time of Guru Rinpoche. Rinpoche is a Buddhist guru who introduced Tantric Buddhism in Tibet and Nepal. To begin with, Tiji Festival lasts for 3 complete days.
The name of the festival means hope but in these 3 days they chant folklore of chasing the demons. On the other hand, this festival as well marks the arrival of spring season . In these three days, people celebrate in various ways. First by wearing colorful clothes and meeting , eating, drinking and watching masked dances.
The festival revolves around a character called Dorje Jono. This character is the central character of the festival. Furthermore, other important character includes of his father. The father happens to be the evil demon who causes chaos in the village. The chaos as a result of drought, cattle abduction and destruction of the village. In these 3 days of Tiji Festival, through dance, the people say the victory of good over evil.
The festival usually falls in May or June. The first day of the festival kicks off with a dance performance by the central character. The dance is difficult and requires rigorous practices. Hence, the person playing the central character practice for months before performing it. Adding up, only a senior monk after going through process of cleansing can perform this dance. To continue, the first day has 3 long dances followed by few funny role plays.
Moving on, the second day of dance is more rigorous and aggressive than the previous day. On this day people from all over Mustang and even Tibet com to Lo Manthang. They come here to witness variety of dances performed by the monks. This day of the Tiji Festival is an important day. It is important because the central Character Dorje Jono pierces the straw effigy at the end of the day. The effigy represents the bad demons that existed in the village. Furthermore, this act represents the win of good over the evil.
On day 3, another effigy made of dough comes to existence in the scene. This time Dorje Jono stabs the effigy and detaches the head with the body. Furthermore, people burry the head of the effigy outside the entrance of the palace. Leaving the effigy and ritual aside, locals play traditional music. While the music goes on, Dorje Jono performs last minute proceedings. The proceeding comes to an end by Dorje Jono shooting the demon (effigy) with bow and arrow and slingshot. Finally, the celebration begins when Dorje Jono confirms death of the demon.
Tiji Festival is a must attend unique festival in Nepal. Dignitaries like king of Mustang, government officials and monks attend this festival. Simultaneously, people from all over the world come to witness this beautiful festival. After the end of festival people drink, dance, eat and celebrate the victory of good over evil.
|Trip Code: BT - 184||Total Duration: days|
|Destination: Mustang Region Trek||Best Time: May|
|Trip Grade: Moderate||Group Size: Min - 2 Pax|
|Max Elevation: 4210 m|
- All government and local taxes
- A comprehensive medical kit
- Trekking Guide
- All accommodations on the trails and 3 times meals during the trek (staple meal of Daal Bhat for lunch and dinner or any one item from the menu )
- 3 Cups Tea while on the Trail ( in most of the places where applicable)
- Best available local lodges / Teahouse in mountain
- Taxi to and from airport
- Certificate of trek Completion
- Travel and rescue insurance
- Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, extra porters, bottle or boiled water, shower, mineral water etc)
- Additional food
- Tips for guide
- Anything else that is not mentioned on what is included